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5 of the Coolest Partnerships Between Animals and Bacteria

Published: 2 weeks ago

220,522 Views

8,880 95

This Valentine’s Day, send a little love to your bacterial buddies! Our microbes keep us healthy, but some bacteria give their animal companions superpowers, like immunity to poison, or even invisibility!

Hosted by: Hank Green

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Sources:

Aphids
https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.ento.43.1.17
http://web.uconn.edu/mcbstaff/graf/Aphids.html
https://www.agric.wa.gov.au/barley/aphid-feeding-damage-cereal-crops
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2974440/
https://books.google.ca/books?id=FzBs_QgihRIC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1042/BC20070135
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S105579039790419X
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3041126/
https://www.pnas.org/content/109/20/E1230/1
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/12265071.2001.9647599
https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jgam1955/42/1/42_1_17/_article/-char/ja/

Desert woodrats
https://academic.oup.com/icb/article/57/4/723/3896233?guestAccessKey=1d5fd2a3-f361-4f95-85b2-6fba5419fa2d
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/ele.12329
https://esajournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1890/0012-9658(2000)081%5B2067:IDITTC%5D2.0.CO%3B2
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2016.01165/full
https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/ToxProfiles/tp85-c4.pdf
https://www.jstor.org/stable/1378444?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
https://esajournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1890/0012-9658(2000)081%5B2067:IDITTC%5D2.0.CO%3B2
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1954740

Clams
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC21444/
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14772000.2016.1252438
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00569130
https://www.nature.com/articles/nrmicro1992
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00114-014-1165-3
http://www.whoi.edu/feature/history-hydrothermal-vents/pdf/PLonsdaleDSRv24.pdf
https://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2164-9-585

Blue-ringed octopus
https://oceanconservancy.org/blog/2017/03/13/the-blue-ringed-octopus-small-but-deadly/
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00391147
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/nature/animal-guide-blue-ringed-octopus/2177/
http://www.sfjo-lamer.org/la_mer/22-3_4/maruyama_noguchi.pdf
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166445X1830465X
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2857372/

Bobtail squid
https://www.cell.com/current-biology/pdf/S0960-9822(08)01137-8.pdf
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00227-003-1285-3
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3843225/
https://www.pnas.org/content/102/8/3004.short

Images:

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%E3%82%A2%E3%83%96%E3%83%A9%E3%83%A0%E3%82%B7_(17341041222).jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:2012.10.19.-25-Mannheim_Vogelstang-Blattlaeuse.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Journal.pbio.0050126.g001.png
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:L-Tryptophan_-_L-Tryptophan.svg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Schizaphis_graminum_usda_(cropped).jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Desert_Packrat_(Neotoma_lepida)_eating_a_peanu_01.JPG
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Creosote-Bush_(4485551500).jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mojave_vista.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:1st_Place_-_Spring_Storm_in_the_Great_Basin_(7186595011).jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Desert_Packrat_(Neotoma_lepida)_in_a_Century_Plant_(Agave_americana).JPG
https://www.flickr.com/photos/internetarchivebookimages/20371479442/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Champagne_vent_white_smokers.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Muscheln_mit_Sipho_Nahaufnahme.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bubbles_hires.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hawaiian_Bobtail_squid.tiff
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Euprymna_scolopes,_South_shore_of_Oahu,_Hawaii.tiff
Show more

Norea Asia W. 22 hours ago

I love me some sea anenemies

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Derpy Woodoo 1 day ago

So if I'm understanding you correctly, we could use anti-biotics instead of pesticides on aphids?

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sean Hillebrandt 2 days ago

Wish I could afford it Hank keep up the amazing videos I love learning with you guys.

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ign Nolo / laliluza 3 days ago

chloroplast/mitochondria much?

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James S 3 days ago

Humans + mitochondria

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Rob Karmic 5 days ago

Maybe there are bacteria that belong to the same species as the creature that host them?


That sounds hard to understand.. But what I mean is, what if there are microbes that aren't individual lifeforms, but satellites to a multicellular host?


Why are there so few swarm species? Are the unsuccessful, or prone to collapse? Maybe it's a difficult build to replicate?

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Mayur 6 days ago

Why random shade on Jay-Z and Beyonce or whoever..

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Barbara Zhang 6 days ago

Aphids are the insparation for tribbles.

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Ivan Ooze 7 days ago

born pregnant, aphids are tribbles?

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Antonia 7 days ago

excuse me but aphids are something i think about a lot, since they're the unlikely heroes of my favourite drama, the antscanada's infestation arch

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D35TR0YM4N 7 days ago

I was expecting a lot of "SIM-BY-OTE" comments...

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Matthew Harris-Levesque 1 week ago

Time to start that insect diet....

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Chibi Blaziken 1 week ago

i hate love, i love bacteria, im so conflicted

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live4him4eva 1 week ago

Quick correction: Hawaiian bobtail squids are much larger than 3 centimeters. I would know, I actually did lab research into how the Hawaiian bobtail squids symbioses with V. fischeri and the winnowing process that the squid uses to ensure only V. fischeri colonizes its light organ. We had a couple mating pairs and they were closer to 7-8 cm.

1

MoonShine Co 1 week ago

Mojave, more like moo problem!!

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Quincy Allen 1 week ago

so wrt the animals that house the bacteria in their cells and have it when they're born (like aphids and clams), at what point do they stop being considered separate bacteria and start being considered organelles? I'm mostly thinking of mitochondria here

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alice gray marks 1 week ago

SciShow is darling and we love you too.

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Will Kuhn 1 week ago

Number 5 is more camoflauge

1

sukekiyo6 1 week ago

lol "no offense to beyonce and jay-z"

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Ezekiel Martin 1 week ago

Awww, you didn't mention mitochondria or chloroplasts!

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